6g technology6G is presently generating headlines from the technology world. What is 6G Internet? When can you use it? Is 6G available? Which country has 6G networks?

5G is almost here. You can get a 5G smartphone and also enjoy all the 5G data connectivity benefits now. However, technology never ceases, and 6G is just another measure from the world of cellular communication.

There is a growing amount of info regarding 6G globally, and most of it is created on just a few reports and studies. Let’s get some things right and find out what future 6G wireless technology is like.

6G – An Overview

The sixth-generation is a data transfer rate up to 1 TB/s, ultra-low latency, even more RF spectrum, and completely new services.

6G technology is a new standard of mobile communication that will unite industrial and household smart devices, making a reality cellular interactive television. Satellite Internet will carry the base stations into space, and we will get rid of wires forever.

The next generation of mobile communications will lead to a revolutionary breakthrough – it will unite industrial and household Internet of things.

Cars, trains, planes, spacecraft, household appliances will be in one network. It is necessary to cover many manufacturers and offer them a convenient single standard of communication.

One of the key changes will be the use of artificial intelligence. Only it will cope with the processing of a large volume of transmitted information.

6G frequency

We cannot realize all this without free bands, and there are very few of them left. The 5G and 6G will use the millimeter frequency band, including the terahertz one. This will speed up the transmission of large amounts of information (over one terabit per second), reduce delays, and decrease base stations’ size. But it will shorten the range of such cells.

The higher the frequency (from GHz to Terahertz), the smaller the distance can be covered. For example, we use the terahertz range on squares, stadiums, stations, trains. In other words, where there are many people, it is necessary to provide traffic in a relatively small space.

By 3G and 4G standards, the distance between base stations is 40-50 kilometers. If you use higher frequencies, you will need to install smaller stations and a shorter distance from each other.

When Will 6G Come Out?

The first research projects on 6G have already started.

  • The 6G research program at the University of Finnish Oulu is the most thorough so far. The Academy of Finland has chosen this proposal as one of its priorities, which guarantees a significant investment for eight years. The strategic partner of the university is Nokia.
  • The University of Surrey has already worked in the UK based on the most extensive 5G research project in Europe.
  • In the summer of 2019, Samsung Electronics began research in 6G networks. For this purpose, the South Korean giant has formed a research center in advanced communications. His team included specialists who took part in the development of 5G technology.
  • China officially starts to develop and explore 6G networks. They reported this in a statement to the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, published November 8, 2019.
  • In mid-August 2019, it became known that Huawei and several other companies began working on networks of the sixth generation (6G). They launched the development of technologies at the Huawei Labs Research Center in Ottawa.

The first commercial 6G projects can be launched already in 2028. 6G mobile technology may become one of 15 breakthrough technologies that will have a crucial impact on the global industry in the coming years, according to Bank of America Merrill Lynch (BofA). It can deliver speeds up to 400 times faster than 5G Internet.

6g network

 

6G Speed: How fast will 6G Internet be?

For comparison, the maximum theoretical limit of the fifth-generation network is 20 Gbps, while LTE speed can reach up to 1 gigabit per second.

We don’t know yet how fast 6G will soon be. We expect the data rate in next-generation cellular networks to reach 1 TB/s or 1000 Gb/s or 8000 Gb/s.

This is 8000 times faster than what a 5G network can show. The calculation is still theoretical and probably far from the actual values shown in practice.

But even if 6G speed were to operate two times slower in reality, the result would still be fantastic.

Among the services that will appear based on 6G technology are:

  • television over 8K,
  • the virtual reality of ultra-high-resolution,
  • three-dimensional holograms with a presence effect.

6G networks will also differ in fresh approaches to the used radio frequency spectrum. High speeds will require the operation of wider bands.

Switching to terabit speeds is assumed to consider radiofrequency bands up to 300 GHz, and potentially even higher, up to 1 terahertz. Prototypes of transceivers at frequencies close to 300 GHz have already been developed, and new types of antennas for such high bands are being developed.

What 6G Network will seem like?

We expect the 6G technology will use many frequencies to measure absorption and then adjust the speed accordingly.

6G will have significant effects on many governments and companies, for example:

  • Decision making (in areas such as law enforcement and social credit systems),
  • Facial features and recognition,
  • Health Monitoring,
  • Threat detection,
  • Measurements of air quality,
  • Gas and toxicity control.

What is the real difference between 5G and 6G?

6G is a 5G standard evolution. It will be more universal, consistent with the challenges faced by society. 6G will ensure the operation of mobile cellular television systems and the Internet of Things.

We mainly use broadcast, cable television, and 6G to transfer all this into mobile communication. Cellular television will become a serious competitor. TV companies will form their digital video content, and this is a severe step forward in terms of business and development of interactive media technologies.

The major difference between 6G and 5G is the data transfer speed. How fast will 6G be? It is unknown, but we may even see ranges from terabytes.

Now all information from gadgets is transferred via the network to centralized storage. 6G, as expected, will allow us to analyze data and make calculations at once on the devices, and send companies already prepared reports.

Much of what was already in network 5G became real, thanks to a low delay of 4 milliseconds – the so-called standard test for downloading 2 GB of information. 6G networks can reduce this figure many times. It is possible, even so much, that we will feel this delay equal to zero.

Do We Need a 6G?

5G is intended to make the Web more accessible to many individuals and improve everything from entertainment to healthcare. Will there be chances for progress outside of 5G in these areas? It is a loud “YES”.

However, if 5G does precisely the ideal thing, we may not even think about a next-generation system.

We can avoid 6G theories provided that manufacturers, regulators, and telecommunications companies continue to boost 5G. If all 5G miscalculations may be corrected frequently, fresh products will be continuously brought to the market to profit from their ever-changing and strengthening brand new technologies.

CONCLUSION

The new generation of communications will be a step towards global internet coverage of the entire planet, covering the most remote regions, including outer space above the Earth.

Yesterday was the day to make local systems for one country. The entire world lives in a single information structure. We continuously receive new reports about events all over the planet with a maximum of one hour delay. We no longer notice that the content is continuously increasing.

The coronavirus epidemic is a vivid example. All our communications, work, training, and even treatment – patients’ contact with doctors – have gone online. ISPs were under a considerable load. And finally, people realized how crucial reliable communication channels are.

However, implementing 6G is a matter of the future. It will take at least a decade before the innovations are available, and the standard will be open.