5G speedTechnology tries to develop daily in telecommunications. Here, we’ll discuss what is 5G technology, nicknamed “wireless fiber” by Samsung and Intel, which claims to be a high-speed Internet with low latency.

5G is supposed to be faster than a wired Internet connection. And it’s wireless.

How fast will 5G technology be?

5G reaches a maximum of 10 gigabits per second (Gbps). 5G is 10 x 100 faster than you can get with 4G.

5G technology promises a lot. For one thing, 4G boosts to a theoretical 100 megabits per second (Mbps). While 5G can exceed up to 10 Gigabits per second (Gbps), in other words, 5G is one hundred times faster than current 5G technology.

Not only does this provide increased bandwidth, but 5G will significantly reduce latency. This translates into faster load times and response times that are better on the Internet. Specifically, 5G promises to provide a maximum latency of 4 ms (milliseconds) versus 20 ms for 4G LTE.

These rates enable 5G to outperform current wired internet connections, comparable to fiber-optic internet.

How much will the speed increase?

5G increases the download speed to 10 gigabits per second. This means we could download an entire HD movie in seconds.

What makes 5G faster?

Good question!

Using shorter frequencies (millimeter waves between 30GHz and 300GHz) for 5G networks is why 5G can be quicker.

According to communication principles, the lower the frequency, the higher the bandwidth.

But here is the part where you understand that 5G is greater than that.

What is “low 5G latency”?

5G technology delivers a meager latency speed (the delay or lag between sending and receiving data). From 200 milliseconds to 4G, we go down to 1 millisecond (1 ms) with 5G.

Look at this for a moment.

A millisecond is 1/1000 of a second.

The typical human reaction time to a stimulus is 1/4 of a second or 250 ms. People have a limit of approximately 190-200 ms with proper training.

Imagine now that your car could respond 250 times faster than you. Imagine that you can also react to hundreds of incoming information, and you may also communicate your responses to other vehicles and traffic signs, all in milliseconds.

At 100 mph, the reaction space is approximately 30 meters until you hit the brakes. With a response time of 1 ms, the car would just have rolled over an inch (less than 3 centimeters).

Using cases related to low latency are:

  • V2X communication (Vehicle to all): V2V: (Vehicle to vehicle), V2I (Vehicle to infrastructure), autonomous, connected cars,
  • Immersive virtual reality games (5G will bring VR to the masses),
  • Remote surgical operations (also known as telesurgery),
  • Simultaneous translation.

The projected adoption rate for 5G differs radically from the rest of the generation networks (3G, 4G). 5G is expected to be driven by processes of IoT, such as cars, while utilizing the Internet and access to popular applications drove the technology.

According to a June 2019 Ericsson report, 5G will reach 45% population coverage and 1.9 billion vouchers by 2024, making it the quickest generation ever deployed globally.

Resume

5G brings together all humanity’s newest and most innovative developments concerning communications and IT. This is the limitation of current microelectronics and radio transmission technologies.

The high speed, up to several gigabits per second per cell, will permit you to broadcast and watch the video in 4K and even 8K and completely immerse yourself in the worlds of augmented and virtual reality.

Data transmission volumes are growing exponentially because of the prevalence of video. Bearing this in mind, 4G cannot provide top speed. Progress will only be possible with 5G.

Most of the test results reveal that the average rate of this new generation of technology will be approximately 20 Gbps. American mobile operator Verizon indicates that technology can achieve download rates 30-50 times faster than 4G. This will enable users to download a complete video in about 15 minutes against 6 minutes on 4G.

The innovative 5G center in the U.S. has attained even higher rates – in evaluation trials, they overclocked the technology to a terabit per second. That is about 65,000 times quicker than average 4G speeds.

The low latency will ensure the development of powerful robotic industries. Humanity is implementing projects based on critical processes: remote control of drone vehicles, production automation, telemedicine, tactile internet, and so on.

Very low latency will ensure the growth of powerful robotic businesses. Humanity is implementing projects based on critical processes: remote control of drone vehicles, manufacturing automation, telemedicine, tactile net, etc.

5G technology should provide higher bandwidth than 4G technology, which will allow for greater accessibility of broadband and:

  • using device-to-device modes (direct connection between subscribers),
  • ultra-reliable large-scale communication systems between devices,
  • shorter delay time,
  • Internet speed of 1-2 Gbit/s,
  • lower battery power consumption than 4G-equipment, which will favorably impact the evolution of the Internet of Things (IoT).

The latest data transmission criteria now support device speeds up to 200 km/h. But the quick train business has increased the speed limit to 500 km/h, notably in China and Japan, so 4G can’t cope with its task. The 5G standard provides data transmission from any object moving at high speed, such as drones and airplanes.

Requirements for the standard

  1. Communication quality.
  2. High average data transfer rate – from 1 Gbps.
  3. An average number of simultaneous connections – 1 million per km².
  4. Delay – up to 1 ms.
  5. High energy efficiency.
  6. Safety for human health.